2016 ATT Academy East and Horn of Africa
The ATT Academy in East and Horn of Africa, took place in Nakuru National Park, Kenya and brought together 15 participants from Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Kenya, Tanzania and South Sudan. It provided a forum for those working closely with arms trade issues nationally to discuss with their regional counterparts the potential linkages between the Arms Trade Treaty and issues specific to the sub-region. For the East and Horn of Africa training, these issues included wildlife poaching, terrorism and pastoralist conflicts. The ATT Academy in East and Horn of Africa was organized by Control Arms and Pace University, with financial support from the UN Trust Facility Supporting Cooperation on Arms Regulation (UNSCAR).
SEP 2016: How to Use the Arms Trade Treaty to Address Wildlife Crime [FRENCH] Matthew Bolton, Pace University
MAR 2017: How to Use the Arms Trade Treaty to Address Armed Violence in Pastoralist Communities [FRENCH] Matthew Bolton, Pace University
MAY 2017: The Role of Education in Advancing Arms Trade Treaty Universalization and Implementation: Lessons Learned from ATT Academy East Africa 2016 – 2017 [FRENCH] Matthew Bolton, Pace University
ATT Academy In Person Trainings
ATT Academy Workshop 1
20-23 June 2016 | Lake Nakuru Lodge, Kenya The first training session of the ATT Academy took place from 20-23 June, following four days of in-depth learning about the Arms Trade Treaty. This first session focused on the first several articles of the ATT, emphasizing the Treaty’s Scope as well as Articles 6 and 7. Discussion groups, homework assignments and participatory exercises enabled participants to ask questions and relate ATT obligations to their national context. The workshop also identified links between small arms proliferation, the ATT and wildlife poaching, a serious problem in many East African nations, including Kenya. The training took place at Lake Nakuru Lodge, situated in Nakuru National Park, and participants were briefed by park rangers involved in anti-poaching activities and local peace-building projects.
- Putting the Arms Trade Treaty Scope In Action
- Applying scope
- Article 2: The ATT Scope
- Article 5: General implementation
- ATT and control lists
- Art. 6 (1) ATT: Transfer Prohibitions
- Article 7 (1) ATT: Export Assessment
- International Law and the ATT
- Articles 8, 9, 10, 11
- The Arms Trade Treaty in Africa
- Relationship of ATT to UNPoA, Nairobi Protocol and Kinshasa Convention
- What’s coming Next in the ATT Academy
- Security and Small Arms in Wildlife Crime
- 2013 Arms Trade Treaty
- Ben Coetzee. (2014) Arms Trade Treaty: Ratification and implementation guide for African States. Institute for Security Studies.
- ATT-BAP. (October 2014) “The ATT Baseline Assessment Project: Initial Findings and Current State Practice.”
- Geneva Academy. (June 2013) “The Arms Trade Treaty.”
- Africa Council for Religious Leaders. (n.d.) Small Arms and Light Weapons: Africa: A Resource Guide for Religions for Peace.
- IANSA, Oxfam and Saferworld. (October 2007) “Africa’s Missing Billions: International Arms Flows and the Cost of Conflict.”
- Matthew Bolton. (26 March 2013) “ATT: ‘Let the World Know that Africa Will Not Agree to a Weak Treaty.’” ThinkAfricaPress.
- Matthew Bolton. (8 April 2013) “The Arms Trade Treaty: A Pan-African Global Policy Victory.” ThinkAfricaPress.
- Elli Kytömäki. (December 2014) “How Joining the Arms Trade Treaty Can Help Advance Development Goals.” Chatham House Research Paper.
- CSP2 President’s Draft Paper on Universalization
- CSP2 Draft Paper on Implementation
- Africa Group Statements during ATT Negotiations:
- Kenya, 5 July 2012
- South Africa, 5 July 2012
- CEDAO, 9 July 2012
- Tanzania, 10 July 2012
- East African Community, 12 July 2012
- Burundi, 18 March 2013
- Ethiopia, 18 March 2013
- Liberia, 10, July 2012
- Tanzania, 18 March 2013
- Ghana, on behalf of 69 countries on ammunition, 19 March 2013
- Mexico, on behalf of 98 states, 2 April 2013
- Burundi, 3 June 2013
- Tanzania, 3 June 2013
- RECSA, 3 June 2013
- Sarah Parker with Marcus Wilson. (June 2014) A Diplomat’s Guide to the UN Small Arms Process: 2016 Update. Geneva, Small Arms Survey.
- Colonel Frankonero Nganga. (2008) “Effects of Proliferation of Small Arms in Sub-Sahara Africa.”
- David Kinsella. (2014) “Illicit arms transfers to Africa and the prominence of the former Soviet bloc: a social network analysis.” Crime, Law and Social Change. 62(5)
Prohibitions, Risk Assessment and Implementation
- Geneva Academy. (August 2014) “What amounts to ‘a serious violation of international human rights law’? An analysis of practice and expert opinion for the purpose of the 2013 Arms Trade Treaty.”
- ICRC. (2007) “Arms Transfer Decisions: Applying International Humanitarian Law Criteria.”
- Acheson, Ray. (2015). “Gender-Based Violence and the Arms Trade Treaty.” Reaching Critical Will.
- Saferworld. (2015) Key Issues for ATT Implementation: Preventing and Combatting Diversion. London, Control Arms.
Transparency and Reporting
- ATT-BAP. (2016) “Guidance for Completing the Initial Report on Implementation Measures.“
Other Relevant Treaties and Instruments
- Kytömäki, Elli. (2015). “The Arms Trade Treaty’s Interaction with Other Related Agreements.” Chatham House.
Mark Bromley, Neil Cooper and Paul Holtom. (2012) “The UN Arms Trade Treaty: arms export controls, the human security agenda and the lessons of history.” International Affairs. 88(5). pp. 1029-1048.
Kytömäki, Elli. (February 2015) “The Arms Trade Treaty and Human Security Cross-cutting Benefits of Accession and Implementation.” Chatham House Research Paper.
Matthew Bolton, Eiko Elize Sakamoto and Hugh Griffiths. (2012) “Globalization and the Kalashnikov: Public-PrivateNetworks in the Proliferation and Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons.” Global Policy. 3(3). pp. 303-313
ATT Academy Workshop 2
05-08 December 2016 | Lake Nakuru Lodge, Kenya The second ATT Academy training took place from 05-08 December 2016 at Lake Nakuru Lodge, Kenya and focused on ensuring deeper understanding of the Treaty’s provisions and their practical application. Over four days, participants explored themes relevant to the sub-region including Wildlife Crime, Pastoralist Conflict, Tackling Gender Based Violence and Importer Obligations. Excellent expert speakers, group discussions, homework assignments and hypothetical exercises ensured positive engagement among participants. Field visits with the Kenyan Wildlife Services (KWS) rangers provided participants with deeper understanding of the challenges they face in preventing poaching and preserving wildlife due to the proliferation of illicit weapons in the region.
- Pastoralist Conflicts in East Africa by William Kiptoo
- Risks of Arms Diversion and How the ATT can Address Them by Godfrey Bagonza, RECSA
- Challenges of Implementing the ATT: The Case of African Countries by Godrey Bagonza, RECSA
- Prohibitions under the Arms Trade Treaty by HillaryKiboro Muchiri, ICRC
- Available Assistance for ATT Universalization and Implementation by Ry Isbister, Saferworld
- Control Arms. (2016) ATT Monitor Report 2016: “A Year in Review June 2015- 2016,” pp. 10-16 (Hard Copy).
- ATT/CSP2/2016/5 – The Arms Trade Treaty Second Conference of States Parties Final Report (22 – 26 August 2016)
- 2016 UNGA First Committee on International Security and Disarmament Resolutions:
- A/C.1/71/L.29 (14 October 2016) “The Arms Trade Treaty”
- A/C.1/71/L.37 (14 October 2016) “Women, disarmament, non-proliferation and arms control”
- A/C.1/71/L.9 (14 October 2016) “Preventing and combating illicit brokering activities”
- A/C.1/71/L.25 (17 October 2016) “The illicit trade in small arms and light weapons in all its aspects”
- A/C.1/71/L.32 (14 October 2016) “Assistance to States for curbing the illicit traffic in small arms and light weapons and collecting them”
- A/C.1/71/L.50 (14 October 2016) “Review and implementation of the Concluding Document of the Twelfth Special Session of the General Assembly: United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Africa”
- A/C.1/71/L.52 (14 October 2016) “Consolidation of peace through practical disarmament measures”
- A/C.1/71/L.58 (13 October 2016) “National legislation on transfer of arms, military equipment and dual-use goods and technology”
Statements by African States on ATT
- African Union – ATT CSP2 Statement (22-26 August 2016)
- Cote D’Ivoire – ATT CSP2 Statement (22-26 August 2016) General Debate and Voluntary Trust Fund (Available only in French)
- ECOWAS – ATT CSP2 Statement (22-26 August 2016)
- Kenya – General Assembly First Committee Statement (10 October 2016)
- Nigeria – General Assembly First Committee Statement (6 October 2016) General Debate
- Nigeria – General Assembly First Committee Statement (21 October 2016) Conventional Weapons
- Senegal – General Assembly First Committee Statement (20 October 2016) (Available only in French)
- Senegal – ATT CSP2 Statement (22 August 2016) General Debate (Available only in French)
- Senegal – ATT CSP2 Statement (24 August 2016) Treaty Implementation (Available only in French)
- Tanzania – General Assembly First Committee Statement (4 October 2016)
- Zambia – General Assembly First Committee Statement (5 October 2016)
- Control Arms. (August 2016) “Achieving ATT Universalization in Africa” [French]
- ATT Monitor Report 2016: Chapter 1.2 “Arms Control Initiatives in Action in Africa”, pp. 30-36 (Hard copy)
- PAX. (27 September 2016) “Armed and Insecure.”
- Kennedy Mkutu. (2008) “Uganda: Pastoral Conflict & Gender Relations.”
- A/C.1/71/L.21 (14 October 2016) “Transparency in Armaments”
- A/RES/70/301 (23 September 2016) “Tackling illicit trafficking in wildlife”
- Matthew Bolton and Control Arms. (September 2016) “How to Use the Arms Trade Treaty to Address Wildlife Crime” [French]
- Saferworld. (February 2015) “Key issues for ATT implementation: Preventing and combating diversion.”
- Control Arms. (2016) “Tackling Terror: How the Arms trade treaty (ATT) Could help Stop the Diversion of Arms and Ammunition in West Africa: Case Study 3.”
Obligations of Importer States
- ATT Monitor Report, Chapter 1.3 (August 2015) “Importing Arms Responsibility: The ATT Framework.”
National Control List
- Saferworld. (November 2016) “Background Paper No.3: Control lists and the Arms Trade Treaty.”
- ATT Monitor Report 2016: Chapter 3.2 “Arms within the Scope of the ATT” pp. 78-86
- ICRC. (28 September 2016) “Understanding the Arms Trade Treaty from a Humanitarian Perspective.”
- ICRC. (August 2016) “Arms Transfers Decisions. Applying International Humanitarian Law and International Human Rights Law Criteria. A Practical Guide.”
- ATT Monitor Report 2015: Chapter 4 “Financial Assistance.”
- ATT Monitor Report 2016: Chapter 1.3 “Cooperation and Assistance in SubSaharan Africa” pp. 36-45.
- ATT/CSP2/2016/WP.3/Rev.1 (24 August 2016) Revised draft of 24 August 2016 Terms of Reference for the ATT Voluntary Trust Fund
ATT Academy Online Trainings
Sustainable Development, International Assistance and the ATT
28 September 2016 This webinar covers the relevance of the ATT to development, including the linkages to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly Target 16.4. It outlines how governments can integrate ATT accession and implementation activities into resources received as part of Official Development Assistance (ODA).
- Hector Guerra and Maria Pia Devoto. (2015) “Arms Trade Regulation and Sustainable Development: The Next 15 Years.” Sur.
- Sibylle Bauer and Mark Bromley. (May 2015) “Implementing the Arms Trade Treaty: Building on Available Guidelines and Assistance Activities.” SIPRI Background Paper.
- Control Arms. (2016) “Chapter 1.3: Cooperation and Assistance in Sub-Saharan Africa.” Arms Trade Treaty Monitor.
- SIPRI. (2015) “About: Arms Trade Treaty: Mapping ATT-Relevant Cooperation and Assistance Activities.”
- Control Arms. (2016) “Coming Full Circle: The relevance of arms control and disarmament instruments to Target 16.4 of the 2030 Agenda.”
- “Development and the ATT” – Presentation by Deepayan Basu Ray, ATT Monitor Coordinator
- Mark Bromley. (2016) “The UN’s small arms and light weapons control agenda takes a (very) small step forward.”
- E Kytomaki. (2014) “How Joining the Arms Trade Treaty Can Help Advance Development Goals.”
- Laura Spano and Nathan Page. (2015) “Sustainable Development Goal 16 and the Arms Trade Treaty: the ATT is ready to do the work.”
- Anna Alvazzi del Frate and Luigi De Martino. (2016) “A New Development Agenda: Bridging the Development–Security Divide.”
- Glenn McDonald and Luigi De Martino. (2016) “Measuring Illicit Arms Flows: SDG Target 16.4.”
Gender-based violence and the ATT
This webinar provides an in-depth look at the gender-based violence provision (Article 7.4) of the Arms Trade Treaty and its role in addressing cross-cutting international and regional challenges, such as arms trafficking and the drug trade. The required reading list and homework exercise aim to illustrate some of the research the participants will need to do in order help their respective governments prepare for the implementation of Article 7(4) – the gender-based violence provision – of the Arms Trade Treaty.
- GBV Prevention Network. (2013) “Strengthening Regional Work on Gender-based Violence”. pp. iv-14, 46-56 only.
- Mothepa Shadung. (24 August 2016) “SDGs Key to Restoring Women’s Role in African Security Issues?” ISS Today.
- Rebecca Gerome. (2016) Preventing Gender-Based Violence through Arms Control: Tools and guidelines to implement the Arms Trade Treaty and UN Programme of Action. New York: Reaching Critical Will.
- Ray Acheson. (2015) Gender-Based Violence and the Arms Trade Treaty. New York: Reaching Critical Will.
- Mary Kimani. (2012) “Taking on violence against women in Africa.” Africa Renewal.
- Angela Baldasare. (June 2012) “Gender-Based Violence: Focus on Africa.”
- Population Council. (2008) “Sexual and Gender Based Violence in Africa: Key Issues for Programming“.
- Jody Williams. (December 2015) “Women, Weapons, Peace and Security.” Sur: International Journal on Human Rights.
- Ray Acheson. (2015) Women, Weapons and War: A Gendered Critique of Multilateral Instruments. New York, Reaching Critical Will.