The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) is an international treaty that seeks to set the highest possible standards to regulate the international trade in conventional weapons, with the aim of reducing human suffering caused by irresponsible and illicit transfers across international borders.
The ATT takes a cooperative approach by placing the burden of implementation and compliance upon each State Party, individually and collectively, rather than relying on an institutional review or specific compliance mechanism. Regional actors are uniquely positioned to coordinate and encourage such collective action. These organizations played an important role in the initial development of the ATT.
We also see convergence between the commitments outlined in the ATT and those in other international and regional instruments in the field of arms control, including the UN Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons, the International Tracing Instrument, the Nairobi Protocol, the Kinshasa Convention, the Inter-American Convention Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and other Related Materials (CIFTA), and the EU Common Position. Often, it is the same regional and sub-regional organizations that work to support these instruments that are also pivotal in ATT universalization and implementation, both where they overlap and where they diverge.
This Arms Trade Treaty Regional Actor Study highlights key findings, provides lessons learned and sets out recommendations on how ATT stakeholders can continue to foster engagement by regional organizations in ATT universalization and implementation efforts.
Access the study here.