Research and Reports

A core objectives of the Control Arms Coalition is to strengthen regulations governing the international trade in conventional arms. Control Arms and its members develop research and policy resources in order to advance highest possible common international standards for regulating or improving the regulation of the international trade in conventional arms

Latest Releases

The ATT Gender Action Plan aims to identify and monitor progress towards the implementation of the decisions related to gender and gender-based violence (GBV) adopted by the Fifth Conference of State Parties to the Arms Trade Treaty (CSP5) in 2019.

The project builds on three main components:

  • a collective methodology to monitor progress towards the implementation of CSP5 decisions and recommendations,
  • an ATT stakeholder survey;
  • case studies containing examples of positive action.

The methodology and the survey, contained in this publication, provide ways to measure how States and other stakeholders are doing in terms of implementing CSP5 decisions and recommendations. 

Key Documents


Control arms resources


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Gender, GBV and Violence

ATT Gender Action Plan Project

The methodology and the survey, contained in this publication, provide ways to measure States and other stakeholders’ progress towards implementing the CSP5 decisions and recommendations.

Factsheet: Gender and the Arms Trade Treaty

This factsheet offers information about gender-based violence, including recommendations to ensure effective implementation of the ATT and to tackle the gendered impacts of armed violence. It also outlines the current state of gender balance in ATT meetings and provides ideas to promote gender equality in conventional arms control. 

Interpreting the Arms Trade Treaty: International Human Rights Law and Gender-Based Violence in Article 7 Risk Assessments

This paper provides interpretive guidance on key terms that appear in Article 7, namely and examines how gender and risks of GBV are relevant to each part of the Article 7 risk assessment.


Question & Answer Sheet: Serious Human Rights Violations and Gender-Based Violence in the Arms Trade Treaty

This Question & Answer Sheet provides guidance on what constitutes a serious violation of international human rights law and how gender-based violence relates to the risk assessment.


Fact sheet on Gender in the ATT

To support delegations in mainstreaming gender across the different sections of the Arms Trade Treaty, the International Gender Champions Disarmament Impact Group and Control Arms launched a factsheet with key information and recommendations.


How to Use the Arms Trade Treaty to Address Gender-based Violence: A Practical Guide for Risk Assessment 

This practical guide offers advice to practitioners and state representatives engaged in export assessments required under the ATT in relation to GBV. It offers useful indicators, guidelines and emerging principles to help develop the requisite expertise and experience to meaningfully incorporate GBV into export assessments

Also available in FRENCH & SPANISH

Regional Focus

Arms Trade Treaty Regional Actor Study

This publication highlights key findings, provides lessons learned and sets out recommendations on how ATT stakeholders can continue to foster engagement by regional organizations in ATT universalization and implementation efforts.

Also available in FRENCH & SPANISH

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Goals not Guns: How the Sustainable Development Goals and the Arms Trade Treaty are Interlinked

This case study explores these interconnections between the ATT and the SDGs. It shows how there are opportunities to address complementary obligations through Official Development Assistance (ODA), and argues that there is a need for more direct and practical engagement between arms experts and the development community. 

Also available in FRENCH

Coming Full Circle: The relevance of Arms Control and Disarmament Instruments to Target 16.4and the 2030 Agenda

This policy brief identifies and describes how key international conventional arms control and disarmament agreements can support States towards national action on Target 16.4, andd facilitate monitoring and reporting on progress.  It also illustrates how reporting mechanisms of these agreements can serve as a measure of progress in evaluating Target 16.4. 

ATT Universalization

Achieving ATT Universalization in Africa

This briefing paper examines obstacles facing some of the countries in Africa who are yet to become States Parties to the ATT. It provides an overview of the Treaty’s status across the continent, and features six case studies that investigate specific barriers, actual or perceived, that have hindered membership. 

Also available in FRENCH

Thematic Focus

Taming the Devil Within: How to use the Arms Trade Treaty to Address Diversion in Latin America

This report, written as part of the“ATT Academy in Latin America” program,  offers specific advice to policymakers and advocates seeking to use the framework of the ATT to assess and mitigate the risks of diversion, particularly in Latin America. The report demonstrates the need for transparency, information sharing and international cooperation, and encourages the rigorous implementation of the ATT, in line with other relevant international and regional instruments

How to Use the Arms Trade Treaty to Address Armed Violence in Pastoralist Communities 

This report was written for the “ATT Academy for East and Horn of Africa”, a project of Pace University and Control Arms funded by the United Nations Trust Facility for Supporting Cooperation on Arms Regulation (UNSCAR).  This report builds on earlier explorations of possible uses of the ATT for addressing wildlife crime published by Control Arms in 2016 and incorporates information gathered from qualitative fieldwork undertaken in a series of visits to Uganda and Kenya from 2014 to 2016. Also available in FRENCH.

How to Use the Arms Trade Treaty to Address Wildlife Crime

This report offers specific advice to policymakers and advocates seeking to use the framework of the ATT to assess and mitigate the risk that arms transfers will be diverted to poaching networks or exacerbate the negative impacts of militarizing wildlife protection. Also available in FRENCH.

Using the Arms Trade Treaty to Address Wildlife Poaching in East Africa: A Human Security Approach

This policy brief explores the potential for the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) to be applied to curb the supply of weapons to wildlife poaching and trafficking networks in East Africa. This paper advocates for a human security and sustainable development-centered approach to wildlife crime, while taking care not to formulate generalizations of the many complex contexts of wildlife poaching in East Africa.

Archives (2003 - 2013)


Save Lives [French] [Spanish]

Finishing the Job: Delivering a Bulletproof ATT

Import and Transit Considerations in an Arms Trade Treaty

“Getting it Right” Report (March 2013) by Oxfam International & Saferworld. [Spanish] [French] [Arabic]

Gender-based violence and the Arms Trade Treaty: reflections from a campaigning and legal perspective by Oxfam

The Final Countdown Compendium A Historic Opportunity by Oxfam

Putting Women’s Rights into the Arms Trade Treaty: Oxfam, Saferworld, Womenkind, UNA-UK, UN Program Action Committee

Armed Robbery: How the poorly regulated arms trade is paralyzing development: Control Arms, Oxfam

Stop a Bullet, stop a war: Why ammunition must be included in the Arms Trade Treaty: Control Arms, Oxfam

The Devil is in the Detail: The Importance of comprehensive and legally binding criteria for arms transfers: Oxfam

Transparency and Accountability: Monitoring and Reporting Methods Under an Arms Trade Treaty: International Peace Information Service and TransArms-R

Implementation: June 2011

Arms Transfers to the Middle East and North Africa: Lessons for an Effective Arms Trade Treaty: Amnesty International

An Implementation Framework for the Arms Trade Treaty: Saferworld 

Our Right To Know: Transparent Reporting Under an Arms Trade Treaty: Amnesty International

Small But Lethal: Small Arms Ammunition and the ATT: PRIO, Norwegian Church Aid ActAlliance, Forum for Environment and Development

How an Arms Trade Treaty Can Help Prevent Armed Violence: Amnesty International and IANSA

Arms Trade Killer Facts: Amnesty International 

Deadly Movements: Transportation Controls in the ATT: Amnesty International


Scope: Type of Transfers: Saferworld

Scope: Type of Weapons: Saferworld

The ATT and Military Equipment: Saferworld

The ATT: Countering Myths and Misperceptions: Amnesty International, Insituto Sou da Paz, OXFAM, Project Ploughshares, Saferworld and Albert Schweitzer Institute

Stopping the Terror Trade: Human Rights Rules in the ATT: Amnesty International 

Towards an Arms Trade Treaty: Perspective of Countries in Latin America
Blood at the Crossroads – Executive Summary: Amnesty International 

Shooting Down the MDGs: Oxfam 

Making it Work: Monitoring and Verifying Implementation of an ATT: Saferworld

Blood at the Crossroads: Making the Case for a Global ATT: Amnesty International 


Africa’s Missing Billions: International Arms Flows And The Cost Of Conflict: IANSA, Oxfam, Saferworld

The Arms Trade Treaty and Central American Existing Law: Arias Foundation 
UN Arms Embargoes – Overview of the last 10 years: Amnesty International, Control Arms, IANSA, Oxfam

The AK47 – World’s Favorite Killing Machine: Control Arms, Oxfam

Arms Without Borders: Why A Global Trade Needs Global Controls (Full): Amnesty International, Control Arms, IANSA, Oxfam

Ammunition: The Fuel of Conflict: Oxfam

Towards An ATT: Next Steps For The PoA: Control Arms, Amnesty International

Impact of Guns on Womens’ Lives: Amnesty International, Control Arms, Stop Violence Against Women

Shattered Lives: The Case for Tough International Arms Control: Amnesty International, Control Arms, and Oxfam

statements and submissions

Statements and written submissions to the ATT Conferences of States Parties and subsidiary bodies can be accessed here.

Submissions to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights: 

On the Impact of Diversion of Arms and Unregulated or Illicit Arms Transfers on Human Rights (16 April 2020)

On the Impact of Arms Transfers on the Enjoyment of Human Rights (03 February 2017)


The ATT Monitor, an independent project of Control Arms, is the de facto international monitoring mechanism for the ATT and serves as a source of information on the implementation of, and compliance with, the Treaty. Its research and analysis serves to strengthen Treaty implementation efforts and improve the transparency of the conventional arms trade.

ATT Monitor Resources

Annual Reports

ATT Monitor 2015 Report

ATT Monitor 2016 Report

ATT Monitor 2017 Report

ATT Monitor 2018 Report

ATT Monitor 2019 Report

ATT Monitor 2020 Report

ATT Monitor 2021 Report

ATT Monitor 2022 Report


This is a non-exhaustive list of resources developed to assist States to implement the Arms Trade Treaty.

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ATT Universalization

Taking Stock of the Arms Trade Treaty: Universalization (August 2021) SIPRI

Arms Trade Treaty Fact Sheet (January 2020) United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA)

Reinvigorating the Narrative: The Broader benefits of the Arms Trade Treaty (September 2017) The Centre for Armed Violence Reduction

Towards a Universal Arms Trade Treaty: Understanding Barriers and Challenges in South-East Asia (October 2016) Giacomo Persi Paoli, Elli Kytomaki – RAND Corporation

The Arms Trade Treaty at a Glance, Factsheet (2016) Arms Control Association

Gender and GBV

Gender Perspective on Disarmament and Arms Control Fact Sheet (January 2020) United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs

Gender-Responsive Small Arms Control: A Practical Guide (October 2019) Small Arms Survey

International Humanitarian Law and Gender-Based Violence in the Context of Arms Trade Treaty (April 2019),  International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

Women, Men and the Gendered Nature of Small Arms and Light Weapons Modular Small-arms-control Implementation Compendium (October 2017), United Nations

Preventing Gender-Based Violence Through Arms Control: tools and guidelines to implement the Arms Trade Treaty and UN Programme of Action (April 2016) Reaching Critical Will